Update Kernel

# Update Linux kernel and install some Chapel dependencies
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ m4 perl python3 python3-pip python3-venv python3-dev bash make mawk git pkg-config cmake llvm-14-dev llvm-14 llvm-14-tools clang-14 libclang-14-dev libclang-cpp14-dev libedit-dev

Clone Arkouda Repository

Download, clone, or fork the arkouda repo.

We encourage developers to fork the repo if they expect to make any changes to arkouda. They can then their fork and add the Bears-R-Us repo as a remote:

git clone
git remote add upstream

For users who aren’t intending to make any changes, cloning the arkouda repo should be enough

git clone

Further instructions assume that the current directory is the top-level directory of the arkouda repo.

Python Environment - Anaconda (Linux)

As is the case with the MacOS install, it is highly recommended to install Anaconda to provide a Python environment and manage Python dependencies:

# Go to to find the link for the latest version that's correct for your machine.
# The one below is for version 2023.09 and for an x86 linux
 source ~/.bashrc
# User conda env
conda env create -f arkouda-env.yml
conda activate arkouda

# Developer conda env
conda env create -f arkouda-env-dev.yml
conda activate arkouda-dev

# Install the Arkouda Client Package and add it to your PYTHONPATH.
# For this to work properly you need to change directories to where arkouda lives
pip install -e . --no-deps

Chapel Installation

For convenience, the steps to install Chapel from source are detailed below. If you need more information, please visit the Chapel Quickstart Guide and Chapel Prerequisites.

The first two steps in the Linux Arkouda install are to install the Chapel dependencies followed by downloading and building Chapel. The Ubuntu and RHEL Chapel installations are different for installing Chapel dependencies, particularly regarding older RHEL distro versions. Specifically, the gcc compiler on RHEL distros such as CentOS 7 do not support building Chapel. Consequently, a newer version of the gcc compiler must be installed via the devtoolset-9-gcc-c++ package. In addition, the CentOS Software Collections packager must be installed to enable the newer version of gcc to be leveraged for building Chapel.

Install Chapel (Ubuntu)

# Download latest Chapel release, explode archive, and navigate to source root directory
tar xvf chapel-1.32.0.tar.gz
cd chapel-1.32.0/


# Add chpl to PATH
source $CHPL_HOME/util/setchplenv.bash

# Set remaining env variables and execute make
# It is recommended to add these variables to a ~/.chplconfig or your ~/.bashrc file to prevent having
# to export them again
export CHPL_RE2=bundled
export CHPL_LLVM=bundled
export CHPL_GMP=bundled
export CHPL_COMM=none

# Build Chapel
make -j 16

# Build chpldoc to enable generation of Arkouda docs
make chpldoc

# Optionally add the Chapel executable (chpl) to the PATH for all users: /etc/environment
export PATH=$CHPL_HOME/bin/linux64-x86_64/:$PATH

Install Chapel (RHEL)

For all RHEL distros, Chapel dependencies are installed as follows:

yum update -y && yum install gcc gcc-c++ m4 perl python3 python3-devel \
make gawk git cmake llvm-devel clang clang-devel curl-devel -y

For older RHEL distros with incompatible gcc compiler versions, the following dependencies must be installed:

yum install devtoolset-9-gcc-c++-9.1.1-2.6.el7.x86_64 centos-release-scl -y

The RHEL Chapel build instructions are the same for all distros with the exception of older distros such as CentOS 7; for these, the newer gcc compiler must first be enabled:

source /opt/rh/devtoolset-9/enable

The minimum cmake version is 3.13.4, which is not supported in older RHEL versions; in these cases, cmake must be downloaded, installed, and linked as follows:

# Export version number of cmake binary to be installed
export CM_VERSION=3.13.4

# Download cmake

# Install cmake
sh /opt/cmake-$ --skip-license --include-subdir

# Link cmake version

export PATH=./cmake-$CM_VERSION-Linux-x86_64/bin:$PATH

cmake can also be installed using conda or pip

conda install cmake>=3.13.4

pip install cmake>=3.13.4

The remaining RHEL Chapel download and build instructions follow those detailed above for Ubuntu Linux.

Next Steps

Now you are ready to build the server! Follow the build instructions at

We’ve set up chapel to run locally, to simulate running on a distributed machine follow the instructions at GASNet Development.